Why a hilltop French cathedral from the 11th century gives me hope for the year 2021

Le Puy-en-Velay’s cathedral is on the right. (Photo from Wikimedia Commons.)

What’s a word that crystalizes the political enmities that were unleashed even more in the year 2020 — not just in the United States but in France, Brazil, and other countries? “Demonization” is one word, which in French would be diabolisation and in Portuguese demonização. Demonizing others is especially pernicious when a government resorts to it…



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